Drawing on theories of self-regulation we propose that the nature of the activities performed at work, particularly those requiring self-control, can play an important role in the work-to-nonwork conflict process. We argue that because functional nonwork behavior requires continued self-control after work, occurrences of work-to-nonwork conflict will be more likely when one's limited self-control resources are expended during the day, and incidents of subsequent self-control failure in relation to the nonwork domain become more likely. We test hypotheses via a daily diary study, capturing the timing of different activities across a workday, along with independent ratings of how much self-control the activities require. We find, at the within-person level, that the extent that work activities performed that day require selfcontrol explains variance in work-to-nonwork conflict, beyond the effects of work hours and mediated by depleted state self-control capacity after work. Furthermore, afternoon self-controlled work activities, compared to morning, are more strongly associated with work-to-nonwork conflict. Against our hypothesis, low sleep quantity weakened the association between self-controlled work activities and self-control capacity. We discuss our findings in relation to the utility of self-regulation approaches to work-to-nonwork conflict based on the self-control strength model.

Daily diary, Self-control, Self-regulation, Work-to-nonwork conflict
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2020.103410, hdl.handle.net/1765/125183
Journal of Vocational Behavior
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM), Erasmus University

Clinton, M.E. (Michael E.), Conway, N. (Neil), Sturges, J. (Jane), & Hewett, R. (Rebecca). (2020). Self-control during daily work activities and work-to-nonwork conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 118. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2020.103410