The External Genitalia Score (EGS): A European Multicenter Validation Study
CONTEXT: Standardized description of external genitalia is needed in the assessment of children with atypical genitalia. OBJECTIVES: To validate the External Genitalia Score (EGS), to present reference values for preterm and term babies up to 24 months and correlate obtained scores with anogenital distances (AGDs). DESIGN, SETTING: A European multicenter (n = 8) validation study was conducted from July 2016 to July 2018. PATIENTS AND METHODS: EGS is based on the external masculinization score but uses a gradual scale from female to male (range, 0-12) and terminology appropriate for both sexes. The reliability of EGS and AGDs was determined by the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Cross-sectional data were obtained in 686 term babies (0-24 months) and 181 preterm babies, and 111 babies with atypical genitalia. RESULTS: The ICC of EGS in typical and atypical genitalia is excellent and good, respectively. Median EGS (10th to 90th centile) in males < 28 weeks gestation is 10 (8.6-11.5); in males 28-32 weeks 11.5 (9.2-12); in males 33-36 weeks 11.5 (10.5-12) and in full-term males 12 (10.5-12). In all female babies, EGS is 0 (0-0). The mean (SD) lower/upper AGD ratio (AGDl/u) is 0.45 (0.1), with significant difference between AGDl/u in males 0.49 (0.1) and females 0.39 (0.1) and intermediate values in differences of sex development (DSDs) 0.43 (0.1). The AGDl/u correlates with EGS in males with typical genitalia and in atypical genitalia. CONCLUSIONS: EGS is a reliable and valid tool to describe external genitalia in premature and term babies up to 24 months. EGS correlates with AGDl/u in males. It facilitates standardized assessment, clinical decision-making and multicenter research.
|Keywords||anogenital distances, atypical genitalia, external genitalia score, external masculinization score|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgz142, hdl.handle.net/1765/125275|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
van der Straaten, S. (Saskia), Springer, A. (Alexander), Zecic, A, Hebenstreit, D. (Doris), Tonnhofer, U. (Ursula), Gawlik, A. (Aneta), … Cools, M.B.C.M. (2020). The External Genitalia Score (EGS): A European Multicenter Validation Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105(3). doi:10.1210/clinem/dgz142