With the advent of globalization, economic and financial interactions among countries have become widespread. Given technological advancements, the factors of production can no longer be considered to be just labor and capital. In the pursuit of economic growth, every country has sensibly invested in international cooperation, learning, innovation, technology diffusion and knowledge. In this paper, we use a panel data set of 40 countries from 1981 to 2008 and a negative binomial model, using a novel set of cross-border patents and joint patents as proxy variables for technology diffusion, in order to investigate such diffusion. The empirical results suggest that, if it is desired to shift from foreign to domestic technology, it is necessary to increase expenditure on R&D for business enterprises and higher education, exports and technology. If the focus is on increasing bilateral technology diffusion, it is necessary to increase expenditure on R&D for higher education and technology.

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Keywords Cross-border Patent, Exports, Imports, International Technology Diffusion, Joint Patent, Negative Binomial Panel Data, R&D
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/125309
Conference 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Adapting to Change: The Multiple Roles of Modelling, MODSIM 2013 - Held jointly with the 22nd National Conference of the Australian Society for Operations Research, ASOR 2013 and the DSTO led Defence Operations Research Symposium, DORS 2013
Citation
Chang, C-L, McAleer, M.J, & Tang, J.-T. (2020). The international technology diffusion effect of cross-border and cooperative patents. In Proceedings - 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, MODSIM 2013 (pp. 1345–1349). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/125309