Growing up among cultures: Intercultural competences, personality, and leadership styles of third culture kids
The world seems to be increasingly in demand of global leaders with a transformational leadership style who do business across borders with intercultural ease. To identify such leaders, this study explores whether third culture kids (TCKs) (n = 121) compared to non-TCKs (n = 116) exhibit a stronger set of multicultural personality traits and intercultural competences, and whether TCKs compared to non-TCKs, via their multicultural personality traits and intercultural competences, prefer transformational leadership more. Results from group comparisons indicated that TCKs display more intercultural sensitivity than non-TCKs. Parallel mediated regression analyses showed that being a TCK, compared to not being a TCK, had a positive indirect effect on their preference for transformational leadership through open-mindedness, while it had a negative indirect effect on their preference for transformational leadership through flexibility and emotional stability.
|Keywords||Growing up in different cultures, Intercultural competences, Mediated regression analysis, Multicultural personality traits, TCKs, Third culture kids, Transformational leadership|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1504/EJIM.2020.105548, hdl.handle.net/1765/125446|
|Journal||European Journal of International Management|
De Waal, M.F. (Monika F.), & Born, M.Ph. (2020). Growing up among cultures: Intercultural competences, personality, and leadership styles of third culture kids. European Journal of International Management, 14(2), 327–356. doi:10.1504/EJIM.2020.105548