CONTEXT: Pituitary hormonal deficiencies in patients with craniopharyngioma may impair their bone health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate bone health in patients with craniopharyngioma. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Dutch and Swedish referral centers. PATIENTS: Patients with craniopharyngioma (n = 177) with available data on bone health after a median follow-up of 16 years (range, 1-62) were included (106 [60%] Dutch, 93 [53%] male, 84 [48%] childhood-onset disease). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fractures, dual X-ray absorptiometry-derived bone mineral density (BMD), and final height were evaluated. Low BMD was defined as T- or Z-score ≤-1 and very low BMD as ≤-2.5 or ≤-2.0, respectively. RESULTS: Fractures occurred in 31 patients (18%) and were more frequent in men than in women (26% vs. 8%, P = .002). Mean BMD was normal (Z-score total body 0.1 [range, -4.1 to 3.5]) but T- or Z-score ≤-1 occurred in 47 (50%) patients and T-score ≤-2.5 or Z-score ≤-2.0 in 22 (24%) patients. Men received less often treatment for low BMD than women (7% vs. 18%, P = .02). Female sex (OR 0.3, P = .004) and surgery (odds ratio [OR], 0.2; P = .01) were both independent protective factors for fractures, whereas antiepileptic medication was a risk factor (OR, 3.6; P = .03), whereas T-score ≤-2.5 or Z-score ≤-2.0 was not (OR, 2.1; P = .21). Mean final height was normal and did not differ between men and women, or adulthood and childhood-onset patients. CONCLUSIONS: Men with craniopharyngioma are at higher risk than women for fractures. In patients with craniopharyngioma, a very low BMD (T-score ≤-2.5 or Z-score ≤-2.0) seems not to be a good predictor for fracture risk.

bone health, bone mineral density, craniopharyngioma, final height, fractures,
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Department of Internal Medicine

van Santen, S.S. (Selveta S.), Olsson, D.S. (Daniel S.), van den Heuvel-Eibrink, M.M, Wijnen, M, Hammarstrand, C. (Casper), Janssen, J.A.M.J.L. (Joseph A M J L), … Neggers, S.J.C.M.M. (Sebastian J C M M). (2020). Fractures, Bone Mineral Density, and Final Height in Craniopharyngioma Patients with a Follow-up of 16 Years. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105(4). doi:10.1210/clinem/dgz279