A systematic literature review is carried out to understand the social dimensions driving the adoption of water saving behaviors in urban households. Salient aspects of the problem correspond to price elasticity of water demand, citizens’ awareness of water value and water conservation intentions, the management of which is generally tackled through water price and non-price approaches. However, the evidence falls short to explain the social drivers and inhibitors of stable water consumption reductions. After reviewing 65 papers documenting research conducted in North America, Australia, United Kingdom, Middle East, Mexico, China and Japan, a series of categories of analysis drawn from the literature are introduced as the social factors that influence water conservation reduction. Although the brink of the state of the art mentions the existence of an intention – behavior gap, sustainability requires further aspirations than short-term water consumption reduction by households. The long-term challenges of sustainability require the understanding of intention – behavior – stable reduction gaps. Further research is needed to fill this double gap. Understanding the determinants and insights behind the dissipation (or stabilization) of water consumption reductions through time are certainly rich areas of analysis for the social sciences.

Behaviors, Droughts, Sustainability, Water consumption, Water pricing, Water scarcity
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120895, hdl.handle.net/1765/125556
Journal of Cleaner Production
Erasmus University College (EUC)

Asprilla Echeverría, J.M. (John Milton). (2020). Cross-country evidence for social dimensions of urban water consumption during droughts. Journal of Cleaner Production (Vol. 260). doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120895