Background: Early detection of major complications after pancreatoduodenectomy could improve patient management and decrease the “failure-to-rescue” rate. In this retrospective cohort study, we aimed to compare the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) in the early detection of complications after pancreatoduodenectomy. Methods: We assessed pancreatoduodenectomies between January 2012 and December 2017. Major complications were defined as grade III or higher according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) was a secondary endpoint. ROC-curve and logistic regression analysis were performed for CRP and WBC. Results were validated in an external cohort. Results: In the development cohort (n = 285), 103 (36.1%) patients experienced a major complication. CRP was superior to WBC in detecting major complications on postoperative day (POD) 3 (AUC:0.74 vs. 0.54, P < 0.001) and POD 5 (AUC:0.77 vs. 0.68, P = 0.031), however not on POD 7 (AUC:0.77 vs. 0.76, P = 0.773). These results were confirmed in multivariable analysis and in the validation cohort (n = 202). CRP was also superior to WBC in detecting POPF on POD 3 (AUC: 0.78 vs. 0.54, P < 0.001) and POD 5 (AUC: 0.83 vs. 0.71, P < 0.001). Conclusion: CRP appears to be superior to WBC in the early detection of major complications and POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy.,
Department of Surgery

van Dongen, J.C. (Jelle C.), Smits, F.J. (F. Jasmijn), van Santvoort, H.C, Molenaar, I.Q, Busch, O.R.C, Besselink, M.G, … van Eijck, C.H.J. (2020). C-reactive protein is superior to white blood cell count for early detection of complications after pancreatoduodenectomy: a retrospective multicenter cohort study. HPB. doi:10.1016/j.hpb.2020.02.005