Objectives: We compared the effect of bivalirudin or heparin and use or nonuse of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) on the outcome of left main coronary artery (LMCA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the randomized EXCEL trial. Background: The optimal antithrombotic regimen to support PCI of the LMCA remains controversial because of low representation of this subset in clinical trials. Methods: The PCI cohort (n = 928) in EXCEL was divided according to bivalirudin versus heparin antithrombin treatment and compared for the primary composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke at 30 days and 5 years. RESULTS: Bivalirudin was used in 319 patients (34.4%). The composite endpoint at 30 days occurred in 7.2% versus 3.8% bivalirudin and heparin patients, respectively, p =.02; at 5 years, the composite endpoint occurred in 26.3% versus 19.9% bivalirudin and heparin patients, respectively, p =.02. Major bleeding was more frequent in bivalirudin patients (4.1% versus 1.3%, p =.008). There were no differences in stent thrombosis between the groups. Bivalirudin use was an independent predictor of the 30-day composite endpoint (OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.28–6.48, p =.01) but not of the 5-year composite endpoint (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.84–2.02, p =.23). GPI use was infrequent (n = 67, 7.2%) and was not associated with adverse outcomes. Conclusion: Among patients undergoing LMCA PCI in the EXCEL trial, procedural use of bivalirudin was associated with greater rates of periprocedural MI and the 30-day composite endpoint without reducing bleeding complications. Five-year outcomes were similar. GPIs were used infrequently and were not associated with clinical outcomes.

bivalirudin, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, heparin, left main coronary artery, percutaneous coronary intervention
dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28858, hdl.handle.net/1765/125639
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Brener, S.J, Lembo, N.J. (Nicholas J.), Kandzari, D.E, Sabaté, M, Gershlick, A, Banning, A.P. (Adrian P.), … Stone, G.W. (2020). Antithrombotic regimens for percutaneous coronary intervention of the left main coronary artery: The EXCEL trial. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. doi:10.1002/ccd.28858