The proliferation of waste incinerators in France has stimulated widespread policy conflict and social mobilisation. French government has struggled to follow a coherent waste management strategy. Its initial preference for landfills as a waste disposal solution was replaced by waste incineration. This sparked a nationwide programme of construction in both urban and rural areas. Recent technological advances in waste-to-energy have further cemented incineration as a major policy solution in its management mix. Local anti-incinerator campaigns have emerged throughout France in response. A resource-opportunity analysis is employed to explain why some campaigns succeeded when others did not.

environmental mobilisation, resources, political opportunity structures, French politics, waste infrastructure,
Environmental Politics
Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS)

McCauley, D.A. (2009). Wasting Energy? An analysis of campaigns against Waste-to-Energy Plants in France. Environmental Politics, 18(6), 917–938. doi:10.1080/09644010903345694