This paper explores the significance of resources in determining a group’s ability to respond to the European Integration process. Both domestic and supranational opportunity structures are constantly shaped and re-shaped by EU policy processes. The single country case study of France is selected on the basis of the state’s longstanding traditions of civil society exclusion. The influence of the EU in transforming these Jacobin predilections is explored with reference to a comprehensive European environmental implementation programme (NATURA 2000). Resource Mobilisation theory reminds us that a group’s resource base is a decisive variable in attempting to influence decision makers. It is argued, first, that the European Commission has empowered some French civil society actors with resources allowing them to mobilise on more levels for longer, while failing to influence others. Second, it is revealed that this empowerment is dependent upon the level of financial incentives offered as well as the overall favourability of the group to the EU project itself

Europeanisation, exclusion, France, interest intermediation, mobilisation, political opportunity structure, political science, resources, sociology,
Perspectives on European Politics and Society
Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS)

McCauley, D.A. (2008). Europeanisation as Resource Empowerment for NGOs. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 9(3), 265–282. doi:10.1080/15705850802223416