Activism research is over-reliant on social psychological frameworks emphasising framing or ideological-based explanations. The current underdevelopment of resource-based accounts requires urgent attention from social movement scholars. Stressing the rationality of social movement actors, resource mobilisation theory is used to assess and understand the empirical validity of resource-driven social mobilisation. Anti-genetically modified organism (GMO) activism in France is selected as a uniquely ripe context for exploring resource mobilisation. A resourcebased examination reveals why, when and how key anti-GMO movement actors differentiated their strategies on the basis of protest, politics and produce. A new framework is proposed to encompass key variables around material, human and network-based resources. It is argued that resource mobilisation research designs need to move beyond financially driven causal arguments.

resource mobilisation, social movements, environmental movements, action repertoires, activism, genetically modified organisms
dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2013.818955, hdl.handle.net/1765/125755
Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability
Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS)

McCauley, D.A. (2015). Protest, Politics and Produce. Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 18(6), 34–49. doi:10.1080/13549839.2013.818955