The nuclear melt-down in Fukushima resulted in diverging energy policy decisions across the world where Germany decided to opt out of nuclear electricity production. Yet, the government’s decisionmaking framework for energy policy decisions does not accurately reflect important drivers for the strategy change. This paper presents the Energy Crossroads framework as a more comprehensive tool to analyse the drivers and impacts of the nuclear phase-out. 20 expert interviews were performed across business participants as well as policy makers in the national and international energy context. Results show that Germany has adopted an environmental justice, rather than energy security, stance in their nuclear phase out policy, with significant long-term consequences

Additional Metadata
Keywords Energy transition, Energiewende, Nuclear energy, Energy security, Environmental justice, Energy crossroads
Persistent URL,
Journal Energy Policy
Rehner, R., & McCauley, D.A. (2016). Security, justice and the energy crossroads: implications of the nuclear phase-out. Energy Policy, 88, 289–298. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.10.038