Rhabdomyolysis, if severe, can lead to acute kidney injury (AKI). Myoglobin is an iron and oxygen-binding protein that is freely filtered by the glomerulus. Precipitation of myoglobin in the nephrons' distal parts is responsible for tubular damage with AKI as a consequence. Extracorporeal clearance of myoglobin is conventionally attempted by the use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) with high cut-off dialysis membranes to limit the extent of the damage. We describe a case of a 56-year-old man with traumatic crush injury and a persistent source of muscle ischaemia unresponsive to high dose CRRT with EMiC-2 filter. Due to therapy failure, he was subsequently treated with the addition of a haemoadsorber (CytoSorb®) to the circuit. This reduced myoglobin and creatine kinase levels successfully despite ongoing tissue ischaemia. However, CytoSorb® was not enough to maintain microcirculatory perfusion, resulting in the eventual demise of the patient due to severity of the injury. Our report indicates that myoglobin was efficiently removed with CytoSorb® following exchange with the conventional high cut-off filter in continuous venovenous haemodialysis in severe traumatic rhabdomyolysis.

CytoSorb, Microcirculation, Myoglobin, Renal failure, Shock
dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505899, hdl.handle.net/1765/125845
Blood Purification
Department of Intensive Care

Dilken, O. (Olcay), Ince, C. (Can), van der Hoven, B, Thijsse, S, Ormskerk, P, & de Geus, H.R.H. (2020). Successful Reduction of Creatine Kinase and Myoglobin Levels in Severe Rhabdomyolysis Using Extracorporeal Blood Purification (CytoSorb®). Blood Purification. doi:10.1159/000505899