BACKGROUND: It has recently been reported that intermittent fasting shapes the gut microbiota to benefit health, but this effect may be influenced to the exact fasting protocols. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of different daily fasting hours on shaping the gut microbiota in mice. Healthy C57BL/6 J male mice were subjected to 12, 16 or 20 h fasting per day for 1 month, and then fed ad libitum for an extended month. Gut microbiota was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene-based sequencing and food intake was recorded as well. RESULTS: We found that cumulative food intake was not changed in the group with 12 h daily fasting, but significantly decreased in the 16 and 20 h fasting groups. The composition of gut microbiota was altered by all these types of intermittent fasting. At genus level, 16 h fasting led to increased level of Akkermansia and decreased level of Alistipes, but these effects disappeared after the cessation of fasting. No taxonomic differences were identified in the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicated that intermittent fasting shapes gut microbiota in healthy mice, and the length of daily fasting interval may influence the outcome of intermittent fasting.

Daily fasting hours, Food intake, Gut microbiota, Mouse model,
B M C Microbiology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Li, L. (Linghao), Su, Y. (Yuxin), Li, F. (Fanglin), Wang, Y. (Yueying), Ma, Z. (Zhongren), Li, Z. (Zhuo), & Su, J. (Junhong). (2020). The effects of daily fasting hours on shaping gut microbiota in mice. B M C Microbiology, 20(1). doi:10.1186/s12866-020-01754-2