Self-regulated learning (SRL) can predict academic performance. Yet, it is difficult for learners. The ability to self-regulate learning becomes even more important in emerging online learning settings. To support learners in developing their SRL, learning analytics (LA), which can improve learning practice by transforming the ways we support learning, is critical. This scoping review is based on the analysis of 54 papers on LA empirical research for SRL in online learning contexts published between 2011 and 2019. The research question is: What is the current state of the applications of learning analytics to measure and support students'SRL in online learning environments? The focus is on SRL phases, methods, forms of SRL support, evidence for LA and types of online learning settings. Zimmerman's model (2002) was used to examine SRL phases. The evidence about LA was examined in relation to four propositions: whether LA i) improve learning outcomes, ii) improve learning support and teaching, iii) are deployed widely, and iv) used ethically. Results showed most studies focused on SRL parts from the forethought and performance phase but much less focus on reflection. We found little evidence for LA that showed i) improvements in learning outcomes (20%), ii) improvements in learning support and teaching (22%). LA was also found iii) not used widely and iv) few studies (15%) approached research ethically. Overall, the findings show LA research was conducted mainly to measure rather than to support SRL. Thus, there is a critical need to exploit the LA support mechanisms further in order to ultimately use them to foster student SRL in online learning environments.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Learning analytics, Literature review, Self-regulated learning
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1145/3375462.3375483, hdl.handle.net/1765/125916
Conference 10th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge: Shaping the Future of the Field, LAK 2020
Citation
Viberg, O. (Olga), Khalil, M. (Mohammad), & Baars, M.A. (2020). Self-regulated learning and learning analytics in online learning environments: A review of empirical research. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series (pp. 524–533). doi:10.1145/3375462.3375483