Germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH), periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PHI) and its complication, post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD), are still common neonatal morbidities in preterm infants that are highly associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Typical cranial ultrasound (CUS) findings of GMH-IVH, PHI and PHVD, their anatomical substrates and underlying mechanisms are discussed in this paper. Furthermore, we propose a detailed descriptive classification of GMH-IVH and PHI that may improve quality of CUS reporting and prediction of outcome in infants suffering from GMH-IVH/PHI.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-0780-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/125986
Journal Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology
Citation
Parodi, A. (Alessandro), Govaert, P, Horsch, S, Bravo, M.C. (Marìa Carmen), & Ramenghi, L. (2020). Cranial ultrasound findings in preterm germinal matrix haemorrhage, sequelae and outcome. Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology (Vol. 87, pp. 13–24). doi:10.1038/s41390-020-0780-2