OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal association between frequency of moderate physical activity (PA) and overall, physical, psychological, and social frailty among community-dwelling older adults older than 70 years. Second, we assessed the association between a 12-month change in frequency of moderate PA and frailty. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Community settings in Spain, Greece, Croatia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1735 participants (61.1% female; mean age = 79.6 years; SD = 5.5 years). MEASUREMENTS: The frequency of self-reported moderate PA was measured and classified into two categories: “regular frequency” and “low frequency.” The 12-month change in frequency of moderate PA between baseline and follow-up was classified into four categories: “continued regular frequency,” “decreased frequency,” “continued low frequency,” and “increased frequency.” The 15-item Tilburg Frailty Indicator assessed overall, physical, psychological, and social frailty. RESULTS: Participants who undertook moderate PA with a regular frequency at baseline were less frail at 12-month follow-up than participants with a low frequency. Participants who undertook moderate PA with a continued regular frequency were least frail at baseline and at 12-month follow-up. After controlling for baseline frailty and covariates, compared with participants with a continued regular frequency, participants with a decreased frequency were significantly more overall (B = 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.99-1.63), physically (B = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.58-1.03), psychologically (B = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.30-0.56), and socially frail (B = 0.14; 95% CI = 0.04-0.23) at 12-month follow-up; participants with a continued low frequency were significantly more overall (B = 1.16; 95% CI = 0.84-1.49), physically (B = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.51-0.96), psychologically (B = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.29-0.55), and socially frail (B = 0.13; 95% CI = 0.04-0.23) at 12-month follow-up; the 12-month follow-up frailty level of participants who undertook moderate PA with an increased frequency was similar to those with a continued regular frequency. CONCLUSION: Maintaining a regular frequency of PA as well as increasing to a regular frequency of PA are associated with maintaining or improving overall, physical, psychological, and social frailty among European community-dwelling older adults older than 70 years.

Additional Metadata
Keywords frailty, physical activity, physical frailty, psychological frailty, social frailty
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16391, hdl.handle.net/1765/126045
Journal American Geriatrics Society. Journal
Citation
Zhang, X, Tan, S.S, Franse, C.B, Bilajac, L. (Lovorka), Alhambra-Borrás, T. (Tamara), Garcés-Ferrer, J. (Jorge), … Raat, H. (2020). Longitudinal Association Between Physical Activity and Frailty Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. American Geriatrics Society. Journal. doi:10.1111/jgs.16391