Objective: To describe the epidemiology of health status, impairments, activities and participation in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Data Sources: Embase, MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, Cochrane, and Google Scholar were searched for 3 themes (“cerebral palsy,” “adult,” and “outcome assessment”) in literature published between January 2000 and December 2018. Study Selection: Full-article peer-reviewed English journal articles on descriptive, observational, or experimental studies describing the most studied outcomes in adults with CP (n≥25, age≥18y) were included. Studies were included in the analyses if frequently studied outcomes were described in at least 3 studies using similar methods of assessment. Data Extraction: Data were extracted independently by 2 authors from 65 articles (total N=28,429) using a standardized score sheet. Data Synthesis: Meta-analyses revealed that overall, on average 65.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 55.1-74.5) of adults with CP experienced pain, 57.9% (95% CI, 51.1-64.6) were ambulant, 65.5% (95% CI, 61.2-69.7) had little or no limitation in manual ability, 18.2% (95% CI, 10.6-27.2) had tertiary education, 39.2% (95% CI, 31.5;47.1) were employed, and 29.3% (95% CI, 9.0-55.3) lived independently. In adults without intellectual disability, proportions of individuals who were ambulant (72.6% [95% CI, 58.8-84.5]) and lived independently (90.0% [95% CI, 83.8-94.9]) were higher (P=.014 and P<.01, respectively). The Fatigue Severity Scale score was 4.1 (95% CI, 3.8-4.4). Epilepsy (28.8% [95% CI, 20.1-38.4]) and asthma (28.3% [95% CI, 18.7-38.9]) were especially prevalent comorbidities. Conclusions: The present systematic review and meta-analysis on the epidemiology of adults with CP provided state-of-the-art knowledge on the most frequently studied outcomes. On average, adults with CP are fatigued, and a majority experience pain, are ambulant, and have little or no difficulty with manual ability. On average, 40% are employed and 30% live independently. More uniformity in assessment and reports is advised to improve knowledge on epidemiology and gain insight in more outcomes.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adult, Cerebral palsy, Epidemiology, Health, Meta-analysis, Rehabilitation, Systematic review
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.009, hdl.handle.net/1765/126053
Journal Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Citation
van Gorp, M, Hilberink, S.R, Noten, S. (Suzie), Benner, J.L, Stam, H.J, van der Slot, W.M.A, & Roebroeck, M.E. (2020). Epidemiology of Cerebral Palsy in Adulthood: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Most Frequently Studied Outcomes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.009