Emerging electromagnetic interferences between implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and left ventricular assist devices
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) between left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs)/pacemakers (PMs). METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective single-centre study was conducted, including all patients undergoing HeartMate II (HMII) and HeartMate 3 (HM3) LVAD implantation (n = 106). Electromagnetic interference was determined by the inability to interrogate the ICD/PM. Overall, 85 (mean age 59 ± 8, 79% male) patients had an ICD/PM at the time of LVAD implantation; 46 patients with HMII and 40 patients with HM3. Among the 85 LVAD patients with an ICD's/PM's, 11 patients (13%) experienced EMI; 6 patients (15%) with an HMII and 5 patients (11%) with an HM3 (P = 0.59). Electromagnetic interference from the HMII LVADs was only present in patients with a St Jude/Abbott device; 6 of the 23 St Jude/Abbott devices. However, in the HM3 patients, EMI was mainly present in patients with Biotronik devices: 4 of the 18 with only one (1/25) patient with a Medtronic device. While initial interrogation of these devices was not successful, none of the 11 cases experienced pacing inhibition or inappropriate shocks. CONCLUSION: In summary, the prevalence of EMI between ICDs in the older and newer type of LVAD's remains rather high. While HMII patients experienced EMI with a St Jude/Abbott device (which was already known), HM3 LVAD patients experience EMI mainly with Biotronik devices. Prospective follow-up, preferably in large registries, is warranted to investigate the overall prevalence and impact of EMI in LVAD patients.
|Keywords||Electromagnetic interference, End-stage heart failure, Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, Left ventricular assist device, Pacemaker|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa006, hdl.handle.net/1765/126170|
|Journal||Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology|
Yalcin, Y.C. (Yunus C.), Kooij, C. (Claudette), Theuns, D.A.M.J, Constantinescu, A.A, Brugts, J.J, Manintveld, O.C, … Caliskan, K.C. (2020). Emerging electromagnetic interferences between implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and left ventricular assist devices. Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology, 22(4), 584–587. doi:10.1093/europace/euaa006