Background: Tobramycin inhalation powder (TIP) and tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS) are considered equally effective for the treatment of chronic pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The impact of TIP inhalation maneuvers on distribution of tobramycin is unknown. We hypothesized that (1) fast TIP inhalations result in greater extrathoracic and reduced small airway concentrations compared with slow or uninstructed TIP inhalations; (2) slow TIP inhalations result in greater small airway concentrations than TIS inhalations. The aim of the study was to assess TIP and TIS deposition with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods: Uninstructed, instructed fast, and instructed slow TIP inhalations of CF patients on maintenance TIP therapy, and inhalations during nebulization of saline with PARI LC Plus® were recorded at home. Drug deposition was determined using TIP and TIS aerosol characteristics together with CFD simulations based on airway geometries from chest computed tomography scans. The drug concentration was assessed in extrathoracic, central, large, and small airways. Results: Twelve patients aged 12-45 years were included, and 144 CFD simulations were performed. In all individual analyses, the tobramycin concentrations were well above the threshold for effective dose of 10 times minimal inhibitory concentration throughout the bronchial tree. Extrathoracic concentrations were comparable between fast and uninstructed TIP inhalations, while slow inhalations resulted in reduced extrathoracic concentrations compared with uninstructed TIP inhalations (p = 0.024). Small airway concentrations were comparable between fast and uninstructed TIP inhalations, while slow TIP inhalations resulted in greater small airway concentrations than uninstructed TIP inhalations (p < 0.001). Small airway concentrations of TIS were comparable with those of slow TIP inhalations (p = 0.065), but greater than those of fast and uninstructed TIP inhalations (p < 0.001). Conclusion: All TIS and TIP inhalation maneuvers resulted in high enough concentrations, however, inhaling TIS or inhaling TIP slowly results in the greatest small airway deposition.

Additional Metadata
Keywords cystic fibrosis, dry powder inhalers, inhalation therapy, nebulizers, pulmonary medicine, tobramycin
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1089/jamp.2019.1529, hdl.handle.net/1765/126182
Journal Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
Citation
Meerburg, J.J. (Jennifer J.), Andrinopoulou, E-R, Bos, A.C, Shin, H. (Hwain), van Straten, M, Hamed, K. (Kamal), … Tiddens, H.A.W.M. (2020). Effect of Inspiratory Maneuvers on Lung Deposition of Tobramycin Inhalation Powder: A Modeling Study. Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, 33(2), 61–72. doi:10.1089/jamp.2019.1529