Mycetoma is a neglected chronic and granulomatous infection primarily associated with the fungal pathogen Madurella mycetomatis. Characteristic of this infection is the formation of grains. However, the processes leading to grain formation are not known. In this study, we employed a proteomic approach to characterise M. mycetomatis grain formation in Galleria mellonella larvae and map the processes leading to grain formation over time. For this, at 1 day, 3 days and 7 days post-inoculation, proteins from grains and hemolymph were extracted and analysed by label-free mass spectrometry. A total of 87, 51 and 48 M. mycetomatis proteins and 713, 997, 18 G. mellonella proteins were found in grains on day 1, 3 and 7 post-inoculation respectively. M. mycetomatis proteins were mainly involved in cellular metabolic processes and numerous enzymes were encountered. G. mellonella proteins were primarily involved in the nodulation process. The proteins identified were linked to nodulation and grain formation and four steps of grain formation were identified. The results of this proteomic approach could in the future be used to design novel strategies to interfere with mycetoma grain formation and to combat this difficult to treat infection.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008190, hdl.handle.net/1765/126272
Journal PL o S Neglected Tropical Diseases (Online)
Citation
Sheehan, G. (Gerard), Konings, M. (Mickey), Lim, W. (Wilson), Fahal, A.H, Kavanagh, K. (Kevin), & van de Sande, W.W.J. (2020). Proteomic analysis of the processes leading to Madurella mycetomatis grain formation in Galleria mellonella larvae. PL o S Neglected Tropical Diseases (Online), 14(4). doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0008190