BACKGROUND: The Consortium to Inform Molecular and Practical Approaches to CNS Tumor Taxonomy (cIMPACT-NOW) has recommended that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 wildtype (IDH1/2wt) diffuse lower-grade gliomas (LGGs) World Health Organization (WHO) grade II or III that present with (i) a telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter mutation (pTERTmt), and/or (ii) gain of chromosome 7 combined with loss of chromosome 10, and/or (iii) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification should be reclassified as diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH1/2 wildtype, with molecular features of glioblastoma, WHO grade IV (IDH1/2wt astrocytomas WHO IV). This paper describes the overall survival (OS) of IDH1/2wt astrocytoma WHO IV patients, and more in detail patients with tumors with pTERTmt only. METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter study, we compared the OS of 71 IDH1/2wt astrocytomas WHO IV patients, with radiological characteristics of LGGs, with the OS of 197 IDH1/2wt glioblastoma patients. Moreover, we compared the OS of 22 pTERTmt only astrocytoma patients with the OS of the IDH1/2wt glioblastoma patients. RESULTS: Median OS was similar for IDH1/2wt astrocytoma WHO IV patients (23.8 mo) and IDH1/2wt glioblastoma patients (19.2 mo) (Cox proportional hazards model: hazard ratio [HR] 1.27, 95% CI: 0.85-1.88, P = 0.242). OS was also similar in patients with IDH1/2wt astrocytomas WHO IV, pTERTmt only, and IDH1/2wt glioblastomas (HR 1.15, 95% CI: 0.64-2.10, P = 0.641). CONCLUSIONS: The presented data confirm the cIMPACT-NOW recommendation and we propose that IDH1/2wt astrocytomas WHO IV in the absence of other qualifying mutations should be classified as IDH1/2wt glioblastomas.

IDH, TERT, astrocytoma, cIMPACT-NOW, glioblastoma,
Department of Neurology

Tesileanu, C.M.S. (C Mircea S), Dirven, L, Wijnenga, M.M.J, Koekkoek, J.A.F. (Johan A F), Vincent, A, Dubbink, H.J, … van den Bent, M.J. (2019). Survival of diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH1/2 wildtype, with molecular features of glioblastoma, WHO grade IV: a confirmation of the cIMPACT-NOW criteria. Neuro-Oncology, 22(4), 515–523. doi:10.1093/neuonc/noz200