Propofol in neonates causes a dose-dependent profound and protracted decrease in blood pressure
Aim: To analyse the effects of different propofol starting doses as premedication for endotracheal intubation on blood pressure in neonates. Methods: Neonates who received propofol starting doses of 1.0 mg/kg (n = 30), 1.5 mg/kg (n = 23) or 2.0 mg/kg (n = 26) as part of a previously published dose-finding study were included in this analysis. Blood pressure in the 3 dosing groups was analysed in the first 60 minutes after start of propofol. Results: Blood pressure declined after the start of propofol in all 3 dosing groups and was not restored 60 minutes after the start of propofol. The decline in blood pressure was highest in the 2.0 mg/kg dosing group. Blood pressure decline was mainly dependent on the initial propofol starting dose rather than the cumulative propofol dose. Conclusion: Propofol causes a dose-dependent profound and prolonged decrease in blood pressure. The use of propofol should be carefully considered. When using propofol, starting with a low dose and titrating according to sedative effect seems the safest strategy.
|blood pressure, hypotension, neonate, premedication, propofol|
|Acta Paediatrica: promoting child health|
|Organisation||Department of Pediatrics|
de Kort, E, Twisk, J.W.R, van t Verlaat, E.P.G. (Ellen P. G.), Reiss, I.K.M, Simons, S.H.P, & van Weissenbruch, M.M. (2020). Propofol in neonates causes a dose-dependent profound and protracted decrease in blood pressure. Acta Paediatrica: promoting child health. doi:10.1111/apa.15282