Background: Women represent an increasing proportion of the overall workforce in medicine but are underrepresented in leadership roles. Methods: To explore gender inequalities and challenges in career opportunities, a web-based survey was conducted among the membership of the European Association of Neuro-Oncology and the Brain Tumor Group of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer. Results: A total of 228 colleagues responded to the survey: 129 women (median age 45 years; range, 25-66 years) and 99 men (median age 48 years; range, 24-81 years); 153 participants (67%) were married and 157 participants (69%) had at least 1 child. Women less often declared being married (60% vs 77%, P =. 007) or having a child (63% vs 77%, P =. 024). Men more frequently had a full-time position (88% vs 75%, P =. 036). Women and men both perceived an underrepresentation of women in leadership positions. Half of participants agreed that the most important challenges for women are leading a team and obtaining a faculty position. Fewer women than men would accept such a position (42% vs 56%). The main reasons were limited time for career and an inappropriate work and life balance. Women specifically cited negative discrimination, limited opportunities, and lack of self-confidence. Discrimination of women at work was perceived by 64% of women vs 47% of men (P =. 003). Conclusion: Women are perceived as experiencing more difficulties in acquiring a leadership position. Personal preferences may account for an underrepresentation of women in leadership positions, but perceived gender inequalities extend beyond disparities of access to leadership.

Additional Metadata
Keywords disparities, equality, leadership, oncology, women
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/nop/npz053, hdl.handle.net/1765/126618
Journal Neuro-Oncology Practice
Citation
Le Rhun, E, Weller, M, Niclou, S.P. (Simone P), Short, S. (Susan), Piil, K. (Karin), Boele, F. (Florien), … Dirven, L. (2020). Gender issues from the perspective of health-care professionals in Neuro-oncology: An EANO and EORTC Brain Tumor Group survey. Neuro-Oncology Practice, 7(2), 249–259. doi:10.1093/nop/npz053