Outcome of Insertable Cardiac Monitors in Symptomatic Patients with Brugada Syndrome at Low Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death
Introduction: There is limited data on the experience with insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) in patients with Brugada syndrome. Objective: To evaluate the outcome of ICM in symptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome who are at suspected low risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Methods: We conducted a prospective single-center cohort study including all symptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome who received an ICM (Reveal LINQ) between July 2014 and October 2019. The main indication for monitoring was to exclude ventricular arrhythmias as the cause of symptoms and to establish a symptom-rhythm relationship. Results: A total of 20 patients (mean age, 39 ± 12 years; 55% male) received an ICM during the study period. Nine patients (45%) had a history of syncope (presumed nonarrhythmogenic), and 5 patients had a recent syncope (<6 months). During a median follow-up of 32 months (interquartile range, 11-36 months), 3 patients (15%) experienced an episode of nonsustained ventricular arrhythmia. No patient died suddenly or experienced a sustained ventricular arrhythmia, and no patient had a recurrence of syncope. Overall, 17 patients (85%) experienced symptoms during follow-up, of whom 10 patients had an ICM-detected arrhythmia. In 4 patients (20%), the ICM-detected arrhythmia was an actionable event. ICM-guided management included antiarrhythmic drug therapy for symptomatic ectopic beats (n = 3), pulmonary vein isolation, and oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation (n = 1), electrophysiological study for risk stratification (n = 1), and pacemaker implantation for atrioventricular block (n = 1). Conclusions: An ICM can be used to exclude ventricular arrhythmias in symptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome at low risk of SCD. Furthermore, an ICM-detected arrhythmia changed clinical management in 20% of patients.
|Keywords||Syndrome · Insertable cardiac monitor · Syncope · Sudden cardiac death · Ventricular arrhythmia|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507075, hdl.handle.net/1765/126691|
|Journal||Cardiology: international journal of cardiovascular medicine, surgery and pathology|
|Organisation||Department of Cardiology|
Sakhi, R. (Rafi), Assaf, A. (Amira), Theuns, D.A.M.J, Verhagen, J.M.A, Szili-Török, T, Roos-Hesselink, J.W, & Yap, S-C. (2020). Outcome of Insertable Cardiac Monitors in Symptomatic Patients with Brugada Syndrome at Low Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death. Cardiology: international journal of cardiovascular medicine, surgery and pathology. doi:10.1159/000507075