Introduction: Diagnostic evaluation of patients with a bleeding tendency remains challenging, as no disorder is identified in approximately 50% of patients. An impaired interplay of several haemostatic factors might explain bleeding phenotype in these patients. Objective: To investigate whether global haemostasis assays are able to identify haemostatic abnormalities in patients with a bleeding tendency unexplained by current diagnostic laboratory tests. Materials and methods: Patients of ≥12 years with a bleeding tendency were included from a tertiary outpatient clinic. Bleeding phenotype was assessed with the ISTH-BAT. Patients were classified as having bleeding of unknown cause (BUC) or a mild bleeding disorder (MBD) based on abnormalities assessed by routine haemostatic tests. Global haemostasis tests (rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM), thrombin generation test (TG) and plasma clot lysis time (CLT)) were measured in all patients. The results were compared with 76 controls. Results: One hundred and eighty-one patients were included, and 60% (109/181) was classified as having BUC. BUC patients demonstrated a significantly prolonged lag time in TG (median 7.7 minutes, IQR 6.7-8.7) and a significantly prolonged CLT (median 60.5 minutes, IQR 54.7-66.1) compared to controls. No differences in ROTEM variables were found. Patients with MBD showed an impaired thrombin generation with a significantly decreased ETP (median 1024 nmol/L*min, IQR 776-1355) and peak height (median 95 nmol/L, IQR 76-138), compared to BUC patients and controls. Conclusion: No major differences were found in ROTEM and TG variables in BUC patients compared to controls. BUC patients did have a significantly prolonged clot lysis time. The underlying mechanism for this finding is unknown.

Additional Metadata
Keywords bleeding, bleeding of unknown cause, fibrinolysis, haemostasis, mild bleeding disorder, thrombin generation, thromboelastometry
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/hae.13991, hdl.handle.net/1765/126696
Journal Haemophilia
Citation
Veen, C.S.B. (Caroline S. B.), Huisman, E.J. (Elise J.), Cnossen, M.H, Kom-Gortat, R. (Regina), Rijken, D.C, Leebeek, F.W.G, … Kruip, M.J.H.A. (2020). Evaluation of thromboelastometry, thrombin generation and plasma clot lysis time in patients with bleeding of unknown cause: A prospective cohort study. Haemophilia. doi:10.1111/hae.13991