This chapter discusses three approaches to understanding digitization in museums. First, theories of the firm are proposed to identify inputs and outputs, flows of resources and capital with its tangible and intangible variants, in order consider the digital collection as a distinct physical asset. Second, theories of demand serve to highlight the changing role of the consumer in relation to the museum, and its digital collection, as dynamics for consumption transfer to an online remote environment and the conception of the museum expands beyond the physical building. Last, welfare economics can assist to critically analyse the benefits and costs of the present generations related to the millenary heritage inheritance, which is further transferred to future generations in the form of a digital heritage infrastructure to access the world’s heritage capital.