The EU internal market has undergone several developments in the past decades. One of the main developments is the inclusion of a digital dimension. One of the fields in which these developments are very evident is the consumer market. A further development of e-commerce is however hindered because there are no suitable redress mechanisms for consumers involved in low-value, high volume claims typically arising from e-commerce transactions. In response to the ills of existing redress mechanisms, an emerging trend of consumer alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and consumer online dispute resolution (ODR) schemes has been identified throughout the Member States (MS) aimed to offer consumers a swift, cheap and simple procedure through which they can enforce their rightsThis paper outlines the EU approach to Consumer ADR/ODR, gives some observations of the functioning of the legislation in practice and concludes with some thoughts for the future.

consumer alternative/online dispute resolution, European Union, ODR Regulation 524/2013, ADR Directive 2013/11, ODR platform.
dx.doi.org/10.5553/IJODR/235250022019006002015, hdl.handle.net/1765/127104
International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution
Erasmus School of Law

van Gelder, E.M. (2019). The European approach to Consumer ODR. International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution, 2019(2), 219–226. doi:10.5553/IJODR/235250022019006002015