Japanese animation, widely known as anime, has a global reach. It is simultaneously broadcasted by traditional media and easily distributed and discussed among fans in the digital and online realms. However, non-Japanese audiences’ motivations for watching this kind of content remain almost unstudied in some countries, with Portugal being one of them. This article presents and discusses the outcomes of an online survey completed by 568 respondents, most of them young and regular watchers of anime. A scale by Rubin and Perse (1987), originally used in regard to the audiences of soap operas, was adapted in the scope of this article. Five main motivations were found for anime viewing, with entertainment being the strongest. Age and gender are relevant predictors for the sample’s motivations and also influence audience preferences regarding genres. The survey’s outcomes are complemented by nine in-depth interviews conducted during an anime convention, further exploring the motivations derived from the survey.

Anime, audience studies, Japan, motivations, Portugal
dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856520923966, hdl.handle.net/1765/127229
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Gonçalves, J. (João), Navio, C. (Catarina), & Moura, P. (Pedro). (2020). The occidental otaku: Portuguese audience motivations for viewing anime. Convergence. doi:10.1177/1354856520923966