Japanese companies on their side have their own arguments for direct investment in foreign countries. The pending threat of protectionism or market closure as a result of the distorted economic relations between Japan and the Western countries being one and overly discussed reason, long-term strategies for advanced products or the obvious need for joint efforts in technological development and industrial corporation being another. A breakdown in types of activities reveals the dominance of the service sector. Banks and finance houses, service centres for Japanese products, distribution centres for Japanese products for the European market, transportation and commerce score high, while there are only a few establishments in the industrial sector. In spite of the structural or temporary impediments to large scale Japanese investment in production facilities in the Netherlands, overall performance in attracting Japanese investors can be considered satisfactory in view of the structure of the Dutch economy and the position of the Netherlands in Europe and in world markets.

dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780429311963-17, hdl.handle.net/1765/127263
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Stam, J.A. (2019). Japanese direct foreign investment in the Netherlands. In The Internationalization of Japanese Business: European and Japanese Perspectives (pp. 198–203). doi:10.4324/9780429311963-17