Objective: To evaluate the incidence of pulmonary metastases on chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Methods: All patients diagnosed with LAPC in a single tertiary center (Erasmus MC) between October 2011 and December 2017 were reviewed. The staging chest CT scan and follow-up chest CT scans were evaluated. Pulmonary nodules were divided into three categories: apparent benign, too small to characterize, and apparent malignant. Results: In 124 consecutive patients diagnosed with LAPC, 119 (96%) patients underwent a staging chest CT scan at the initial presentation. In 88 (74%) patients no pulmonary nodules were found; in 16 (13%) patients an apparent benign pulmonary nodule was found, and in 15 (13%) patients a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found. Follow-up chest CT scan(s) were performed in 111 (93%) patients. In one patient with either no pulmonary nodule or an apparent benign pulmonary nodule at initial staging, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found on a follow-up chest CT scan. However, a biopsy of the nodule was inconclusive. Of 15 patients in whom a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found at staging, 12 (80%) patients underwent a follow-up CT scan; in 4 (33%) of these patients, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found. Conclusion: In patients with LAPC in whom at diagnosis a chest CT scan revealed either no pulmonary nodules or apparent benign pulmonary nodules, routine follow-up chest CT scans is not recommended. Patients with pulmonary nodules too small to characterize are at risk to develop apparent malignant pulmonary nodules during follow-up.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25968, hdl.handle.net/1765/127324
Journal Journal of Surgical Oncology
Organisation Department of Surgery
Citation
Suker, M, Groot Koerkamp, B, Nuyttens, J.J.M.E, Dwarkasing, R.S, Homs, M.Y.V, Eskens, F.A.L.M, & van Eijck, C.H.J. (2020). The yield of chest computed tomography in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Journal of Surgical Oncology. doi:10.1002/jso.25968