BACKGROUND: We investigated relationships of broader self-management abilities (self-efficacy, positive frame of mind, investment behavior, taking initiatives, multifunctionality of resources, variety of resources) to social and emotional loneliness among community-dwelling older people while controlling for background characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed a representative sample of 41,327 community-dwelling people aged ≥55 years in Limburg, the Netherlands, identified using the population register (weighted per district, complex sampling design). In total, 20,327 (50%) people responded to the questionnaire. RESULTS: All self-management abilities were associated negatively with emotional loneliness. Taking initiatives, multifunctionality, self-efficacy, and a positive frame of mind were associated negatively with social loneliness. Self-efficacy had the strongest relationships with social and emotional loneliness. CONCLUSIONS: In combatting loneliness among older people, investment in their ability to self-manage their social lives and activities, such as increasing opportunities for positive social interaction and social support and reducing maladaptive cognition, seems to be crucial.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Aging, Loneliness, Older people, Self-management
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01584-x, hdl.handle.net/1765/127487
Journal BMC Geriatrics
Citation
Nieboer, A.P, Hajema, K. (KlaasJan), & Cramm, J.M. (2020). Relationships of self-management abilities to loneliness among older people: a cross-sectional study. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1). doi:10.1186/s12877-020-01584-x