Objectives: To investigate the relation between changes in working conditions and exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Methods: Six waves from the longitudinal Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (2010-2016), enriched with tax-based employment information from Statistics Netherlands (2011-2017), were available for 4820 chronically ill workers aged 45-63 years (mean 55.3 years, SD 5.1). A change in working conditions (physical workload, psychological job demands, job autonomy, emotional job demands and social support) was defined as an increase or decrease between two consecutive waves of at least one SD. Discrete-time survival models with repeated measurements were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of a change in working conditions on exiting paid employment in the following year compared with no change and consecutive favourable working conditions. Results: A favourable change in physical workload lowered the risk to exit paid employment (RR 0.46, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.94). An adverse change in psychosocial working conditions, especially a decrease in social support (RR 2.07, 95% CI 1.52 to 2.81), increased the likelihood to exit paid employment. In contrast, a favourable change in psychological job demands increased the risk to exit paid employment (RR 1.57, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.24). Multiple adverse changes increased the risk to exit paid employment up to six times (RR 6.06, 95% CI 2.83 to 12.98). Conclusions: Changes in working conditions among workers with chronic diseases influence exit from paid employment. Ensuring that working conditions can be adapted to the needs of workers with a chronic disease may help to extend working life.

occupational health practice, physical work, workload
dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2019-106383, hdl.handle.net/1765/127519
Occupational and Environmental Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal in all aspects of occupational & environmental medicine
Department of Public Health

Schram, J.L.D. (Jolinda L. D.), Robroek, S.J.W, Ots, P. (Patricia), Brouwer, S, Burdorf, A, Van Zon, S.K.R. (Sander K. R.), & Oude Hengel, K.M. (2020). Influence of changing working conditions on exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Occupational and Environmental Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal in all aspects of occupational & environmental medicine. doi:10.1136/oemed-2019-106383