Background: Several mortality prediction models (MPM) are used for predicting early (30-day) mortality following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Little is known about their predictive performance in external TAVI populations. We aim to externally validate established MPMs on a large TAVI dataset from the Netherlands Heart Registration (NHR). Methods: We included data from NHR-patients who underwent TAVI during 2013–2017. We calculated the predicted mortalities per MPM. We assessed the predictive performance by discrimination (Area Under Receiver Operating-characteristic Curve, AU-ROC); the Area Under Precision-Recall Curve, AU-PRC; calibration (using calibration-intercept and calibration-slope); Brier Score and Brier Skill Score. We also assessed the predictive performance among subgroups: tertiles of mortality-risk for non-survivors, gender, and access-route. Results: We included 6177 TAVI-patients with an observed early-mortality rate of 4.5% (n = 280). We applied seven MPMs (STS, EuroSCORE-I, EuroSCORE-II, ACC-TAVI, FRANCE-2, OBSERVANT, and German-AV) on our cohort. The highest AU-ROCs were 0.64 (95%CI 0.61–0.67) for ACC-TAVI and 0.63 (95%CI 0.60–0.67) for FRANCE-2. All MPMs had a very low AU-PRC of ≤0.09. ACC-TAVI had the best calibration-intercept and calibration-slope. Brier Score values ranged between 0.043 and 0.063. Brier Skill Score ranged between −0.47 and 0.004. ACC-TAVI and FRANCE-2 predicted high mortality-risk better than other MPMs. ACC-TAVI outperformed other MPMs in different subgroups. Conclusion: The ACC-TAVI model has relatively the best predictive performance. However, all models have poor predictive performance. Because of the poor discrimination, miscalibration and limited accuracy of the models there is a need to update the existing models or develop new TAVI-specific models for local populations.

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Keywords Calibration, Discrimination, External validation, Mortality, Prediction model, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)
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Journal International Journal of Cardiology
Al-Farra, H. (Hatem), Abu-Hanna, A, de Mol, B.A.J.M, ter Burg, W.J. (W. J.), Houterman, S. (Saskia), Henriques, J.P.S. (José P.S.), … de Jaegere, P.P.T. (2020). External validation of existing prediction models of 30-day mortality after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) in the Netherlands Heart Registration. International Journal of Cardiology. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.05.039