Background: Studies examining the impact of injury on health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time are necessary to understand the short-and long-Term consequences of injury for population health. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an evidence update on studies that have measured HRQL over time in general injury populations using a generic (general) health state measure. Methods: Studies conducted between 2010 and 2018 that assessed HRQL at more than one time point among general injury populations were eligible for inclusion. Two reviewers independently extracted information from each study on design, HRQL measure used, method of HRQL measure administration, timing of assessment(s), predictive variables, ability to detect change, and findings. Quality appraisals of each study were also completed by two reviewers using items from the RTI Item Bank on Risk of Bias and Precision of Observational Studies and the Guidelines for the Conduction of Follow-up Studies Measuring Injury-Related Disability. Results: Twenty-nine studies (44 articles) that met the inclusion criteria were identified. HRQL was measured using 14 different generic measures; the SF-36, SF-12, and EQ-5D were used most frequently. A varying number of follow-up assessments were undertaken, ranging from one to five. Follow-up often occurred 12 months post-injury. Fewer studies (n = 11) examined outcomes two or more years post-injury, and only one to 10 years post-injury. While most studies documented improvements in HRQL over time since the injury event, study populations had not returned to pre-injury status or reached general population norm HRQL values at post-injury follow-ups. Conclusions: Since 2010 there has been a substantial increase in the number of studies evaluating the HRQL of general injury populations. However, significant variability in study design continues to impede quantification of the impact of injury on population health over time. Variation between studies is particularly evident with respect to timing and number of follow-up assessments, and selection of instruments to evaluate HRQL.

Health-related quality of life, Injuries, Systematic review,
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Department of Public Health

Geraerds, A.J.L.M. (A. J.L.M.), Richardson, A. (Amy), Haagsma, J.A, Derrett, S. (Sarah), & Polinder, S. (2020). A systematic review of studies measuring health-related quality of life of general injury populations: Update 2010-2018. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes (Vol. 18). doi:10.1186/s12955-020-01412-1