In many developed countries, long-term care expenditures are a major source of concern, which has urged policy makers to reduce costs. However, long-term care fnancing is highly fragmented in most countries and hence reducing total costs might be complicated by spillover efects: spending reductions on one type of care may be ofset elsewhere in the system if consumers shop around for substitutes. These spillovers may be substantial, as we show using a reform in the budget for municipalities for the most common type of publicly fnanced home care in the Netherlands, domestic help. This reform generated an exogenous change in the grant for domestic help that does not depend on changes in its demand. We show that the change in budget afected consumption of this care type, but that this efect was mitigated by ofsetting changes in the consumption of three other types of home care that are fnanced through another public scheme and are organized through regional single payers. We fnd that a 10 euro increase in the grant for domestic help increased use of domestic help and nursing by 0.13 and 0.03 h per capita (4.4 and 5.2% of use in 2007), whereas it decreases use of individual assistance and personal care by 0.03 and 0.05 h per capita (4.1 and 2.9% of use in 2010 and 2007, respectively). As a result, the total spending efect is closer to zero than the efect on domestic help suggests. This fnding means that the fragmentation of long-term care fnancing limits the ability to control expenditure growth.

Long-term care, Public insurance, Administrative data, Home care, Social care,
European Journal of Ageing
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

Kattenberg, M.A.C., & Bakx, P.L.H. (2020). Substitute services: a barrier to controlling long-term care expenditures. European Journal of Ageing. doi:10.1007/s10433-020-00570-x