Purpose: This study aims to provide insight into the current incorporation of corporate culture in national corporate governance codes. The authors identify three levels of incorporation for each of the following three dimensions: layers of corporate culture (the “what”), the alignment of corporate culture in the organization (the “for whom”) and the board’s roles regarding corporate culture (the “how”). Design/methodology/approach: To assess the extent to which national codes have incorporated corporate culture, the authors used a sample of 88 national corporate governance codes. The authors performed a content analysis of these codes using a computer-aided text analysis program. The first step involved the identification of dimensions of corporate culture per national code. These dimensions were then assessed based on three levels of incorporation. Finally, the authors ranked national codes with similar levels of incorporation per dimension and aggregated the dimensions. Findings: The data show that five of the 88 national corporate governance codes that the authors analysed scored the highest level in all three dimensions of corporate culture. Originality/value: This is the first study to provide an overview of what national corporate governance codes say about corporate culture. The authors address two gaps in the existing literature. First, the authors develop and use a richer conceptualization of how corporate culture can be addressed in national corporate governance codes. Second, the authors analyse these corporate governance codes worldwide.

Corporate culture, Corporate governance code, Informal governance, Organizational climate, Organizational culture
dx.doi.org/10.1108/CG-08-2019-0254, hdl.handle.net/1765/127909
Corporate Governance
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM), Erasmus University

Lobrij, M.-F. (Marie-Fleur), Kaptein, S.P, & Lückerath-Rovers, M. (2020). What national governance codes say about corporate culture. Corporate Governance. doi:10.1108/CG-08-2019-0254