The use of oncolytic viruses forms an appealing approach for cancer treatment. On the one hand the viruses replicate in, and kill, tumor cells, leading to their intra-tumoral amplification. On the other hand the viral infection will activate virus-directed immune responses, and may trigger immune responses directed against tumor cells and tumor antigens. To date, a wide variety of oncolytic viruses is being developed for use in cancer treatment. While the development of oncolytic viruses has often been initiated by researchers in academia and other public institutions, a large majority of the final product development and the testing of these products in clinical trials is industry led. As a consequence relatively few pre-clinical and clinical studies evaluated different oncolytic viruses in competitive side-by-side preclinical or clinical studies. In this review we will summarize the steps and considerations essential in the development and characterization of oncolytic viruses, and describe our multidisciplinary academic consortium, which involves a dozen departments in three different Dutch universities, collaborating in the development of oncolytic viruses. This consortium has the ambition to develop a small series of oncolytic viruses and to evaluate these in various cancers.

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Keywords Cancer therapy, Immunotherapy, Oncolytic virus, Translational research
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Journal Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
Kemp, V. (Vera), Lamfers, M.L.M, Van Der Pluijm, G, van den Hoogen, B.G, & Hoeben, R.C. (2020). Developing oncolytic viruses for clinical use: A consortium approach. Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews. doi:10.1016/j.cytogfr.2020.06.010