The Netherlands traditionally had ample early retirement possibilities. Several reforms introduced from the late 1990s onward contributed to the successful reversal of this early exit trend. As a result, in 2018, employees on average retired at age 65.0, representing a three-year increase in the last ten years.
This chapter describes the Dutch pension system and recent employment, health and care policies and reforms that have likely shaped the changes in the effective retirement age. We conclude with a short discussion of the current debate about future changes to the statutory retirement age and consider other potential avenues through which policies could yield further increases in the effective retirement age of Dutch workers.,
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences

Fleischmann, M, & van den Broek, M.P.B. (2020). Netherlands. In Extended working life policies: International gender and health perspectives (pp. 341–349). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-40985-2_26