The aim of this study was to determine the rate of undetected additional anomalies following a prenatal diagnosis of isolated oral cleft. Data of all infants with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated oral cleft born between 2000 and 2015 were studied retrospectively. Additional anomalies detected after birth were categorized as minor or major and included structural and chromosomal anomalies. Isolated clefts of the lip (CL), lip and alveolus (CLA) and lip, alveolus, and palate (CLAP) were diagnosed prenatally in 176 live-born infants. The type of cleft was more extensive after birth in 34/176 (19.3%) and less extensive in 16/176 (9.1%) newborns. Additional anomalies were diagnosed in 24 infants (13.6%), of which 12 (6.8%) were categorized as major. The latter included two submicroscopic chromosome anomalies and two gene mutations. Postnatal additional anomalies occurred more frequently in CLA and CLAP than in CL, and more in bilateral than in unilateral clefts. Major anomalies are still found in infants with a prenatal diagnosis of an isolated oral cleft. The prevalence of additional anomalies seems to be related to the type and bilaterality of the cleft, and this should be considered during prenatal counselling.

Additional Metadata
Keywords cleft lip, cleft palate, genetic testing, prenatal diagnosis, prenatal ultrasonography
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2020.05.005, hdl.handle.net/1765/127970
Journal International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Citation
Haj, M. (M.), Koudstaal, M.J, Ramcharan, M.S. (M. S.), Hoogeboom, A.J.M, Koster, M.P.H. (M. P.H.), Srebniak, M.I, & Cohen-Overbeek, T.E. (2020). Undetected anomalies in foetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated cleft. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2020.05.005