Diagnosis of bronchiectasis is usually made using chest computed tomography (CT) scan, the current gold standard method. A bronchiectatic airway can show abnormal widening and thickening of its airway wall. In addition, it can show an irregular wall and lack of tapering, and/or can be visible in the periphery of the lung. Its diagnosis is still largely expert based. More recently, it has become clear that airway dimensions on CT and therefore the diagnosis of bronchiectasis are highly dependent on lung volume. Hence, control of lung volume is required during CT acquisition to standardise the evaluation of airways. Automated image analysis systems are in development for the objective analysis of airway dimensions and for the diagnosis of bronchiectasis. To use these systems, clear and objective definitions for the diagnosis of bronchiectasis are needed. Furthermore, the use of these systems requires standardisation of CT protocols and of lung volume during chest CT acquisition. In addition, sex-and age-specific reference values are needed for image analysis outcome parameters. This review focusses on today’s issues relating to the radiological diagnosis of bronchiectasis using state-of-the-art CT imaging techniques.

doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0120-2019, hdl.handle.net/1765/128026
European Respiratory Review
Department of Pediatrics

Tiddens, H.A.W.M, Meerburg, J.J. (Jennifer J.), van der Eerden, M, & Ciet, P. (2020). The radiological diagnosis of bronchiectasis: What’s in a name?. European Respiratory Review, 29(156), 1–9. doi:10.1183/16000617.0120-2019