Purpose: This study investigates the mechanism through which banks employ corporate social responsibility (CSR) commitment to engage in employees. The values of different types of CSR engagement (i.e. philanthropic CSR vs ethical and legal CSR) are distinguished and their influences on employee identification are analyzed. The moderation effect of CSR communication through corporate social media is examined in this context. Design/methodology/approach: A sample of 254 respondents was collected through surveying the employees of one of the largest banks in Turkey. Findings: Findings suggest that ethical and legal CSR is perceived more importantly than philanthropic CSR by employees in the banking industry. In addition, the level of transparency and frequency of CSR communication through corporate social media moderates the CSR types–employee identification relationship distinctively. Practical implications: Special attention should be paid to the conditions under which CSR communication takes place effectively, as skeptics toward certain types of CSR initiatives may occur along with the disclosure of information about them. Social implications: If organizations use social media communication in a way that would bring the CSR interests of their employees to light, it is likely that CSR initiatives will become more meaningful and have a greater societal impact. Originality/value: This study contributes to the CSR literature through identifying the value of different types of CSR initiative and confirming the importance of transparent and proactive CSR communication on employee identification in the banking sector.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Banking industry, Corporate social responsibility, Fit, Identification, Philanthropy, Social media
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1108/CCIJ-01-2020-0014, hdl.handle.net/1765/128204
Journal Corporate Communications
Citation
Wang, Y, & Pala, B. (Buket). (2020). Communicating philanthropic CSR versus ethical and legal CSR to employees: empirical evidence in Turkey. Corporate Communications. doi:10.1108/CCIJ-01-2020-0014