Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and White Matter Microstructure in Children with Overweight or Obesity
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise , Volume 52 - Issue 5 p. 1218- 1226
RODRIGUEZ-AYLLON, M., I. ESTEBAN-CORNEJO, J. VERDEJO-ROMÁN, R. L. MUETZEL, J. H. MIGUELES, J. MORAGONZALEZ, P. SOLIS-URRA, K. I. ERICKSON, C. H. HILLMAN, A. CATENA, H. TIEMEIER, and F. B. ORTEGA. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and White Matter Microstructure in Children with Overweight or Obesity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 52, No. 5, pp. 1218–1226, 2020. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the associations of objectively measured and self-reported physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior with white matter microstructure in children with overweight or obesity. Methods: In a sample of 103 participants (age, 10.02 ± 1.15 yr; 42 girls) from the ActiveBrains project, we assessed PA and sedentary behavior using accelerometers (GT3X+; ActiGraph, Pensacola, FL), and the Youth Activity Profile-Spain questionnaire. Objectively measured PA and sedentary behavior were classified into different intensities following the hip- and wrist-based cutoff points for the Euclidean Norm Minus One metric by Hildebrand et al., wrist-based cutoff points for counts metric by Chandler et al., and hip-based cutoff points for counts metric for Romanzini et al. and Evenson et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of white matter microstructure, fractional anisotropy (FA), and mean diffusivity (MD) were derived from diffusion tensor imaging. Linear regression models were used to examine the associations of objectively measured and self-reported PA and sedentary behavior with global and tract-specific FA and MD. Results: Self-reported total PA was positively associated with global FA (β = 0.236, P = 0.038), whereas watching television was negatively associated with global FA (β = −0.270, P = 0.014). In regard to the objective measures, using single regression models, light PA (β = 0.273, P = 0.016), moderate-to-vigorous PA (β = 0.257, P = 0.035), and total PA (β = 0.294, P = 0.013) were positively associated with global FA only when Hildebrand–Euclidean Norm Minus One hip cut points were used for analyses. Lastly, no association was found between PA and sedentary behavior and FA and MD within individual tracts. Conclusions: Our results suggest that PA and watching television are related to white matter microstructure in children with overweight or obesity. However, longitudinal large-scale studies are needed to confirm and expand these findings.
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Rodriguez-Ayllon, M., Esteban-Cornejo, I., Verdejo-Roman, J., Muetzel, R.L, Migueles, J.H., Mora-Gonzalez, J., … Ortega, F.B. (2020). Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and White Matter Microstructure in Children with Overweight or Obesity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 52(5), 1218–1226. doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002233