Background: Gallbladder polyps are common incidental findings during abdominal ultrasonography. Cholecystectomy is recommended for polyps equal or greater than 10 mm on ultrasound due to their malignant potential. However, the majority of lesions appear to be pseudopolyps with no malignant potential. Our aim was to determine the correlation between ultrasonographic findings and histopathological findings after cholecystectomy for gallbladder polyps in two institutions. Method: A retrospective analysis was performed at two Dutch institutions of patients who underwent cholecystectomy. All cholecystectomies for suspected gallbladder polyps between January 2010 and August 2017 were included. Ultrasonographic and histopathological reports were analyzed. Results: A total of 108 patients underwent cholecystectomy for gallbladder polyps. At abdominal ultrasound sixty-five patients (60.2%) were diagnosed with multiple gallbladder polyps. The mean diameter of the polyps was 11 mm. On pathological examination after cholecystectomy, only three specimens harbored true polyps. No anomalies were found in 48 (44%) patients and 51 (47%) had cholesterolosis. Conclusion: The prevalence of true gallbladder polyps was much lower in this study than reported in literature. After cholecystectomy for gallbladder polyps diagnosed by ultrasound, 97% of patients had non-neoplastic or not identifiable lesions in the gallbladder. These findings question the usefulness of current guidelines for management of suspected gallbladder polyps.,
Department of Surgery

Metman, M.J.H., Olthof, P.B., van der Wal, J.B.C, van Gulik, T.M, Roos, D, & Dekker, J.W. (2020). Clinical relevance of gallbladder polyps; is cholecystectomy always necessary?. HPB, 22(4), 506–510. doi:10.1016/j.hpb.2019.08.006