Purpose Postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome (pCMS) is a complication that may occur after pediatric fossa posterior tumor surgery. Liu et al. developed an MRI-based prediction model to estimate pCMS risk preoperatively. The goal of this study was to validate the model of Liu et al. and if validation was not as sensitive in our group as previously described to develop an easy to use, reliable, and sensitive preoperative risk prediction model for pCMS. Methods In this study, 121children with a fossa posterior tumor who underwent surgery at ErasmusMC/Sophia Children’s Hospital, the Netherlands between 2004 and 2018 could be included. Twenty-six percent of them developed pCMS. Preoperative MRI were scored using the Liu et al. model. Results The Liu et al. model reached an accuracy of 78%, a sensitivity of 58%, and a specificity of 84% in our cohort. In a new risk model some of the variables of Liu et al. were included as well as some of the recently described preoperative MRI characteristics in pCMS patients by Zhang et al. The new model reached an accuracy of 87%, a sensitivity of 97%, and a specificity of 84% in our patient group. Conclusion Because the Liu et al. model did not provide an as accurate risk prediction in our cohort as was expected, we created a new risk prediction model that reached high model accuracy in our cohort that could assist neurosurgeons in determining their surgical tactics and help prepare high risk patients and their parents for this severe complication.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome . CMS . pCMS . Risk prediction . Brain tumor . Child
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-020-04535-4, hdl.handle.net/1765/128775
Journal Child's Nervous System
Citation
Bae, D., Mlc, V.V., & Catsman-Berrevoets, C.E. (2020). Preoperative prediction of postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome. Validation of existing MRI models and proposal of the new Rotterdam pCMS prediction model. Child's Nervous System, 36(7), 1471–1480. doi:10.1007/s00381-020-04535-4