Cognitive-load researchers attempt to engineer the instructional control of cognitive load by designing methods that substitute productive for unproductive cognitive load. This article highlights proven and new methods to achieve this instructional control by focusing on the cognitive architecture used by cognitive-load theory and aspects of the learning task, the learner, and the learning environment.

Additional Metadata
Keywords cognitive-load theory, instructional design, mental effort, working memory
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963721420922183, hdl.handle.net/1765/128824
Journal Current Directions in Psychological Science
Citation
Paas, G.W.C, & van Merriënboer, J.J.G. (2020). Cognitive-Load Theory: Methods to Manage Working Memory Load in the Learning of Complex Tasks. Current Directions in Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/0963721420922183