Background: Diagnosis and follow-up of respiratory diseases traditionally rely on pulmonary function tests (PFTs), which are currently performed in hospitals and require trained personnel. Smartphone-connected spirometers, like the Air Next spirometer, have been developed to aid in the home monitoring of patients with pulmonary disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the technical validity and usability of the Air Next spirometer in pediatric patients. Methods: Device variability was tested with a calibrated syringe. About 90 subjects, aged 6 to 16, were included in a prospective cohort study. Fifty-eight subjects performed conventional spirometry and subsequent Air Next spirometry. The bias and the limits of agreement between the measurements were calculated. Furthermore, subjects used the device for 28 days at home and completed a subject-satisfaction questionnaire at the end of the study period. Results: Interdevice variability was 2.8% and intradevice variability was 0.9%. The average difference between the Air Next and conventional spirometry was 40 mL for forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and 3 mL for forced vital capacity (FVC). The limits of agreement were −270 mL and +352 mL for FEV1 and −403 mL and +397 mL for FVC. About 45% of FEV1 measurements and 41% of FVC measurements at home were acceptable and reproducible according to American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society criteria. Parents scored difficulty, usefulness, and reliability of the device 1.9, 3.5, and 3.8 out of 5, respectively. Conclusion: The Air Next device shows validity for the measurement of FEV1 and FVC in a pediatric patient population.

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Keywords Air Next, home, pulmonary function test, smartphone, spirometry
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Journal Pediatric Pulmonology
Kruizinga, M.D. (Matthijs D.), Essers, E. (Esmée), Stuurman, F.E. (F. E.), Zhuparris, A. (Ahnjili), van Eik, N. (Nellie), Janssens, H.M, … Driessen, G.J.A. (Gertjan J. A.). (2020). Technical validity and usability of a novel smartphone-connected spirometry device for pediatric patients with asthma and cystic fibrosis. Pediatric Pulmonology. doi:10.1002/ppul.24932