Objective: Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). However, their functional relationship in PsA synovitis has not been fully elucidated. Additionally, although CD8+ T cells in PsA have been recognized via flow cytometry as a source of IL-17A production, it is not clear whether CD8+ T cells secrete IL-17A under more physiologically relevant conditions in the context from PsA synovitis. This study was undertaken to clarify the roles of IL-17A and TNF in the synovial fluid (SF) from patients with PsA and investigate the impact of CD8+ T cells on IL-17A production. Methods: IL-17A+ T cells were identified by flow cytometry in SF samples from 20 patients with active PsA, blood samples from 22 treatment-naive patients with PsA, and blood samples from 22 healthy donors. IL-17A+ T cells were sorted from 12 PsA SF samples and stimulated using anti-CD3/anti-CD28 or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and ionomycin ex vivo, alone (n = 3) or together with autologous monocytes (n = 3) or PsA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) (n = 5–6). To evaluate the differential allogeneic effects of neutralizing IL-17A and TNF, SF CD4+ T cells and PsA FLS cocultures were also used (n = 5–6). Results: Flow cytometry analyses of SF samples from patients with PsA showed IL-17A positivity for CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (IL-17A, median 0.71% [interquartile range 0.35–1.50%] in CD4+ cells; median 0.44% [interquartile range 0.17–1.86%] in CD8+ T cells). However, only CD4+ T cells secreted IL-17A after anti-CD3/anti-CD28 activation, when cultured alone and in cocultures with PsA monocytes or PsA FLS (each P < 0.05). Remarkably, CD8+ T cells only secreted IL-17A after 4- or 72-hour stimulation with PMA/ionomycin. Anti–IL-17A and anti-TNF treatments both inhibited PsA synovitis ex vivo. Neutralizing IL-17A strongly inhibited IL-6 (P < 0.05) and IL-1β (P < 0.01), while anti-TNF treatment was more potent in reducing matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) (P < 0.05) and MMP-13. Conclusion: CD8+ T cells, in contrast to CD4+ T cells, in SF specimens obtained from PsA patients did not secrete IL-17A following T cell receptor activation. Overlapping, but distinct, effects at the level of inflammatory cytokines and MMPs were found after neutralizing IL-17A or TNF ex vivo in a human model of PsA synovitis.

dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.41271, hdl.handle.net/1765/128865
Arthritis and Rheumatology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Xu, X. (Xiaofei), Davelaar, N, Mus, A.M.C, Asmawidjaja, P, Hazes, J.M.W, Baeten, D, … Lubberts, E.W. (2020). Interleukin-17A Is Produced by CD4+ but Not CD8+ T Cells in Synovial Fluid Following T Cell Receptor Activation and Regulates Different Inflammatory Mediators Compared to Tumor Necrosis Factor in a Model of Psoriatic Arthritis Synovitis. Arthritis and Rheumatology. doi:10.1002/art.41271