OBJECTIVE: To describe parenting disability postpartum in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using the Parenting Disability Index and to determine early in pregnancy which patients will face parenting problems postpartum. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospective study on pregnancy and RA (Pregnancy induced Amelioration of Rheumatoid Arthritis study). Postpartum visits were performed at 6, 12 and 26 weeks after delivery. Domains causing parenting difficulties were identified. A multivariate logistic regression model to identify which patients develop parenting disabilities postpartum with patient characteristics in the first trimester as covariates was performed. RESULTS: 148 patients were eligible for this study. The domains carrying, hygiene, feeding, getting up and down, and household/shopping were frequently scored as difficult. Maintaining discipline, taking care of the children when sick, listening and having other children over caused the least problems. 30.1% of patients with RA report low parenting disability, 30.9% reports intermediate disability and 39.0% reports high disability. Patients with a low Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)-score in the first trimester (OR 9.2, 95% CI 3.0 to 27.7, p<0.001) and low disease activity in the first trimester (Disease Activity Score 28-joint count C reactive protein<3.2) (OR 4.8, 95% CI 1.8 to 12.9, p=0.002) were likely to report low parenting disability postpartum. Patients with a longer disease duration (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.95, p=0.003) were less likely to report low parenting disability postpartum. A high HAQ-score in the first trimester (OR 4.54, 95% CI 1.99 to 10.34, p<0.001) and erosive disease (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.00 to 5.35, p=0.049) increased the risk of high parenting disability postpartum. CONCLUSION: Physical domains of parenting postpartum are most commonly affected in patients with RA. When counselling patients with RA, a HAQ-score in the first trimester is the most reliable marker to identify patients that develop parenting disability after delivery.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Epidemiology, Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2020-001276, hdl.handle.net/1765/128874
Journal RMD open
Citation
Smeele, H.T.W. (Hieronymus T W), de Man, Y.A, Röder, E, Wintjes, H. (Hetty), Hazes, J.M.W, & Dolhain, R.J.E.M. (2020). Parenting problems postpartum can be detected early in pregnancy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. RMD open, 6(2). doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2020-001276