AIMS: We investigated the influence of tensile stress on plaque growth after balloon angioplasty with and without beta-radiation therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-one consecutive patients successfully treated with balloon angioplasty were analysed qualitatively and quantitatively by means of an ECG-gated three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound post-procedure and at follow-up. Eighteen patients were irradiated with catheter-based beta-radiation ((90)Sr/(90)Y source) and 13 were not (control). Studied segments were divided into 2 mm subsegments. Thus 184 irradiated and 111 non-irradiated subsegments were included. Tensile stress was calculated according to Laplace's law. The radiation dose was calculated by means of dose-volume histograms. Plaque growth was positively correlated to tensile stress in both the radiation and control groups (r=0.374, P=0.0001 and r=0.305, P=0.001). Low-dose subsegments (<6 Gy) had a significant correlation (r=0.410, P=0.0001) whereas no correlation was observed in the effective-dose subsegments (> or = 6 Gy). Multivariate analysis identified tensile stress as the only independent predictor of plaque increase in non-irradiated subsegments, whereas actual dose and plaque morphology were stronger predictors in irradiated subsegments. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that plaque growth is related to tensile stress after balloon angioplasty. Intracoronary brachytherapy may alter the biophysical process on plaque growth when the prescribed dose is effectively delivered.

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Keywords *Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, *Brachytherapy, *Tensile Strength, Aged, Beta Rays, Coronary Arteriosclerosis/pathology/radiotherapy/*therapy/ultrasonography, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Ultrasonography, Interventional
Persistent URL,
Journal European Heart Journal
Kozuma, K, Costa, M.A, Sabaté, M, Slager, C.J, Boersma, H, Kay, I.P, … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2000). Relationship between tensile stress and plaque growth after balloon angioplasty treated with and without intracoronary beta-brachytherapy. European Heart Journal, 21(24), 2063–2070. doi:10.1053/euhj.2000.2465